Enter the era of colonization. During this new era of colonization the objective of Western European colonizers was very clear. Gather
whatever natural resources were available such as gold or seed for the planting of new herbs, plants, fruits and animals by using the native manpower that was readily available. As savages, they were not in possessions of weapons of mass destruction or horses as were Western European, so basically anything the colonizer desired was available to him. However, if this was going to work, and because of the long distance from the motherland, it would be necessary to implement organizational structures to manage the savage labor force and assure their continued service to the motherland.
Colonization brought with it the creation of Western European organization and local offices to serve the needs of the motherland in the manner in which they were able to keep the savage labor force controlled and under their domination. As the native inhabitants, the indigena, began to learn the language of the colonizer so that the colonizer could expand on the demands made of the Indians, it was necessary to develop ideology that could be used with the indigenous population to continue to submit to the wishes of their colonizers.
Western European religion was the obvious first choice in this effort. The Christian church was able to fulfill this role very nicely as they would teach the natives how important it is to love thy brother as thy self and that all would be rewarded by the grace of God once we were all able to reach the promise land together. The colonizer and their colonial structures quickly saw the wisdom of having the church assist the natives in many was, so as to create a dependency upon the natives. On the other side of the church’s control over the natives developed a strong and deadly military organization that insured cooperation under any circumstance desired by the colonizer.
The education of the colonizer’s natives became of utmost importance. Teaching the children of the natives to speak the queen’s English was first and foremost the primary function. However, there were other agenda items that were more subtle in nature. For instance, it has to be established in the minds of the natives that only the thoughts and deeds in the eyes of the colonizer could be legitimized. The natives also had to believe that under the colonial system, “individual” advancement could be realized. Therefore, when the time was right, the colonizer could select from among the natives those that have been particularly in tune with the requirements of the colonizer, to become themselves the enforcers of the other natives.
The colonizer also realized that they could not take everything away from the natives so they decided to allow them to continue with their expressions of some of their beliefs, especially if they could be modified to align with the Christian calendar of celebrations. Thus, celebrations of the new sun could become the Easter celebration, or Halloween and all saints day to replace el dia de los muertos. In this way the natives antiquated notions of celebration could become regulated under the control of the church.